Red Team Assessment is an evaluation process designed to measure the effectiveness of security controls of an organization and how well can it withstand a real-world attack. The assessment involves security professionals or independent ethical hackers who perform an attack simulation designed to measure the effectiveness of the cyber measures implemented, in an objective manner. The operation aims at improving the preparedness of an organization through a realistic security incident drill that may be targeted towards your organization’s cyber, physical, and human security elements. Using various cyber-attack techniques the ethical hacker works towards finding weaknesses in an organization’s people, processes, and technology to gain unauthorized access to assets and determine areas that need improvement.
The assessment demonstrates how attackers can combine unrelated exploits to gain access to sensitive data and critical assets of an organization. The assessment is an effective way to demonstrate that even the most advanced and sophisticated technology can do little to prevent attacks that are targeted towards humans to gain access. However, the Red Team Assessment is designed to prepare organizations to handle such unexpected attacks on sensitive assets through technical, physical, and process-based means. Based on the assessment results, recommendations and plans are provided to strengthen the organization’s security posture.
We sit with your team to discuss, analyze, and define the objectives of performing a Red Team Assessment.
In collaboration with your team, we gather information relevant to the assessment goals before planning a staged attack.
At this stage, we identify the possible vulnerabilities on the target network.
Once the potential vulnerabilities are identified, we assess to verify the same through an active intrusion attempt.
Once we gain access to a system, we inject agents to see if we can successfully maintain access to the system for a long time, irrespective of reboots, reset, or modified by the network administrator.
We conduct a complete analysis of vulnerabilities that were identified, exploited, and sensitive data that were accessed. We further analyze the amount of time we maintained access in the system and for the tenure it was undetected.
The results of the assessment are compiled into a report detailing a summary of the test, vulnerabilities, risks detected, recommendations for bridging the GAP, and suggestions for better security.
Once vulnerabilities are identified and remediated, we run a re-test on the system to ensure that fixes were successfully implemented and determine any new vulnerabilities that could be detected due to remediation.
Organizations that believe to have a matured Cyber Security measure in place, the red team assessment is a great means of validating the same and ensuring the effectiveness of security controls.
Penetration Testing is more about identifying and exploiting vulnerabilities for achieving the predetermined goals. On the other hand, Red team assessment is more about testing the defense mechanism which includes testing security measures, detecting vulnerabilities, evaluating the response and resilience of the organization. (Read our Blog to learn more about the difference)
Once a business has completed several rounds of vulnerability and penetration testing and believes to have a mature security measure in place, it should then elevate its evaluation process to a Red Team Assessment for testing the effectiveness of security controls.
Red team assessment helps uncovers risks that may not be identified in the traditional Penetration tests. So, here are some techniques adopted by the Red Team Assessors to go beyond the traditional testing process to broaden the cybersecurity evaluation process.
Email and phone-based social engineering - This is one of the most common and highly used techniques adopted by hackers to convince employees to give in details and provide attackers an opportunity to hack into systems. Using this method, the Red Team Assessors test the employee and their response to such situations.
Network Service Exploitation - Exploiting unpatched or misconfigured network services provides an attacker with a path to access sensitive information which may be something even as incospicuous as a a BMS or a networked printer. The Red Team Assessor identifies such weak areas and loopholes in systems and networks.
Physical Access Exploitation - People are often the weak link to cybersecurity measures. Often attackers try physically accessing sensitive data through unauthorized access into facilities. So, testing the security measures implemented for Data Centers or facilities is crucial. The Red Team Assessor also covers this aspect of the security testing to ensure complete security.
Application Exploitation - Web applications are often the first in line target that an attacker sees when looking to gain access through the organization’s network perimeter. Red Team Assessors test for web application vulnerabilities like cross-site scripting, SQL injection, cross-site forgery, etc that gives the hacker a foothold to execute other attacks.